German Shepherd

If you have a German Shepherd or are planning to adopt one, it is a good idea to learn as much as you can about this breed. That way, you will be able to take care of your dog appropriately and make sure he or she reaches or even exceeds the standard German Shepherd life span. We hope that this article will show you that they are quite the amazing breed.

A Dog by Any Other Name

German Shepherds Dogs (GSD) are a breed of working dog that originally came from Germany in 1899. In German, they are called Deutscher Schäferhund, pronounced ʃɛːfɐˌhʊnt. In England and Ireland, they’ve always been known as Alsatians.

The German Shepherd is also identified through a number of other names, including:

  • Allemand
  • Berger
  • DSH
  • GSD
  • Schäferhund
  • Shepherd
  • Wolf Dog

German Shepherds are medium to large-sized and even-tempered. Their temperament traits include being alert, confident, courageous, curious, intelligent, loyal, obedient, and watchful. They’re very protective when it comes to their family members.

Many people feel that male German Shepherds are easier to train and more affectionate. Females tend to be more protective of their owners and their puppies. They are also considered a bit more aggressive but they do tolerate strangers and children much more easily than males.

German Shepherd Qualities & Traits

German Shepherd Life Span

Active & Curious

German Shepherds are fairly active dogs and quite self-assured with a strong desire to learn and have a purpose. Their natural curiosity makes them perfect guard dogs, as well as search dogs. They are, in fact, one of the most commonly used breeds for a broad range of roles that require scent-work, including accelerant detection, cadaver searching, explosives detection, narcotics detection, search and rescue operations, and more. They are an excellent choice for these types of work due to their intense sense of smell and also because of the fact that they can work well in spite of any distractions.

Early Seeing Eye Dogs

Initially, the German Shepherd was almost exclusively the breed of choice as guide dogs for the visually impaired. Their formal guide dog training started back in the 1920s in Switzerland and was led by Dorothy Eustis. Every dog trained was a female German Shepherd. Later, a temperament testing experiment showed Labrador Retrievers were best suited for working as guide dogs while German Shepherds are best suited to police work. And, so it has been that way ever since.

A Popular Breed

They’re the second most popular dog breed worldwide according to the registrations at 129,186. And they were, in fact, bred specifically for their intelligence and have become quite famous for it. They’re able to learn certain easy tasks through just five repetitions. They can also obey the first command 95 percent of the time. And, when you combine that with their strength, it makes the breed desirable as guard, police, and search and rescue dogs, especially since they can learn numerous tasks, as well as go about interpreting instructions quicker than any other breed.

Common GSD Physical Characteristics

These popular dogs possess a long muzzle that is square-cut with strong jaws, a domed forehead, and a black nose. Their eyes are brown and medium-sized with that self-assured, lively, and highly intelligent look that they’re known for. They have long necks that they raise when they get excited and lower when moving fast. Their ears stand erect and are fairly large. They’re parallel and open in front, but they’re generally pulled back when the dog is moving. And last but not least, German Shepherd dogs all have bushy tails.

Colors

German Shepherds come in a number of colors, including:

German Shepherd Life Span

  • Black
  • Black & Gold
  • Red & Black
  • Black & Silver
  • Sable

The majority of the color varieties have black body-markings and masks. These can vary from the classic saddle to over-all blankets of black. The less common color variations include the blue, pure-black or white, liver, and sable varieties.

Coat

All GSDs have a two-layered coat that’s quite dense and also has a thick undercoat. There are also two coat variants, which are medium or long. And, a long coat is rarer since it involves a recessive gene.

German Shepherd Growth Charts

As a large breed, a Shepherds’ maturation continues through the age of 36-months. They are actually considered to be adults when females reach two-years and males reach two-and-a-half-years. Check the charts below for the differences between their heights and weights.

German Shepherd Standard Height & Weight

german shepherd life span

German Shepherds are a bit longer than they are tall and the ideal proportion is 10 to 8.5. This is according to AKC official breed standards set for a standard weight range. The standard height and weight ranges for an adult German Shepherd include:

  • Males: 60–65 cm (24–26 in) in height & 66–88 lbs (30–40 kg) in weight
  • Females: 60 cm (22–24 in) in height & 49–71 lbs (22–32 kg) in weight

Male German Shepherd Growth Chart

AgeWeight RangePercentage of Adult Weight
1 month5.5 – 9 lbs / 2.5 – 4 kg10%
2 months16 – 20 lbs / 6 – 9 kg22%
3 months22 – 30 lbs / 10 – 14 kg40%
4 months35 – 40 lbs / 16 – 18 kg50%
5 months40 – 49 lbs / 18 – 22 kg60%
6 months49 – 57 lbs / 22 – 26 kg70%
7 months57 – 62 lbs / 26 – 28 kg80%
8 months62 – 66 lbs / 28 – 30 kg85%
9 months64 – 71 lbs / 29 – 32 kg90%
10 months66 – 73 lbs / 30 – 33 kg92%
11 months66 – 75 lbs / 30 – 34 kg95%
1 year71 – 75 lbs / 32 – 34 kg95%
1 ½ years71 – 79 lbs / 32 – 36 kg98%
2 years71 – 84 lbs / 32 – 38 kg98%
3 years79 – 88 lbs / 36 – 40 kg100%

Female German Shepherd Growth Chart

AgeWeight RangePercentage of Adult Weight
1 month4.5 – 8 lbs / 2 – 3.5 kg10%
2 months11 – 17 lbs / 5 – 7.5 kg22%
3 months17 – 26 lbs / 8 – 12 kg40%
4 months31 – 35 lbs / 14 – 16 kg50%
5 months35 – 44 lbs / 16 – 20 kg60%
6 months44 – 49 lbs / 20 – 22 kg70%
7 months49 – 53 lbs / 22 – 24 kg80%
8 months53 – 57 lbs / 24 – 26 kg85%
9 months55 – 60 lbs / 25 – 27 kg90%
10 months57 – 62 lbs / 26 – 28 kg92%
11 months60 – 64 lbs / 27 – 29 kg95%
1 year60 – 64 lbs / 27 – 29 kg95%
1 ½ years60 – 66 lbs / 27 – 30 kg98%
2 years62 – 66 lbs / 28 – 30 kg98%
3 years66 – 70 lbs / 28 – 32 kg100%

German Shepherd Puppy Weight Chart

Age in Months:Weight in lbs: MaleWeight in lbs: Female
19.27.2
219.916.6
331.326.7
441.836.2
550.644
657.450.1
762.654.4
866.457.5
969.459.7
107261.5
1174.363.1
127664.2

German Shepherd Life Span

As a general rule of thumb, smaller dogs live longer than larger dogs. In fact, a recent veterinary records analysis showed that dogs who weigh less than under 20 pounds enjoyed an 11-year average life span while dogs who weighed more than 90-pounds generally had an 8-year life span. Some experts say that a German Shepherd life span is around 9 to 13 years. Over the years, many German Shepherds have managed to live way past their 13th or even 15th birthdays.

Common Health Issues

German Shepherd Life Span

Of course, the length of your dog’s life is dependent on how healthy he or she is. Additionally, they can also have a few common health issues, including bloat, cancer, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, and pancreatitis. Healthy Shepherds generally live well into their teens and that’s good news for their owners since even just the thought of living without your best friend is so difficult.

In recent years, certain haphazard breeding practices have been the cause of several hereditary diseases, including:

  • Blood disorders
  • Chronic eczema
  • Dwarfism
  • Flea allergies
  • Hip and elbow dysplasia
  • Digestive problems
  • Epilepsy
  • Keratitis a.k.a. Cornea Inflammation

Unfortunately, these diseases and disorders effectively shorten a German Shepherd life span.

Best Dog Food for a German Shepherd Puppy

We all know that Shepherds are well-known for being smart and very active dogs who have an insatiable desire to please their owners. So, since you’re aware of just how much your German Shepherd loves you, would you even consider risking a shorter life span by giving him low-quality food? Of course not. And, your best friend’s diet is just as important as yours, so while you’re watching what you eat, watch what your pup eats too.

Both adult dogs and puppies have nutrient needs that are different. Puppies require more carbs, protein, and micronutrients for helping them grow into adulthood. They also need high amounts of calories for growth. That’s why it so crucial that you purchase high-quality brands of puppy food for him or her. In addition, puppies have smaller mouths than their adult counterparts and, of course, that’s why their food is in smaller and easier to eat. Remember, feeding your sweet little puppy any kind of adult dog food could easily be dangerous due to the harder texture and larger pieces. Giving your puppy adult dog food, could cause tooth and jaw damage, as well as affecting his overall health. So, here are our suggestions for the best healthy food for your puppy:

1. Orijen Large Puppy Dog Food

 

 

2. Blue Wilderness – Chicken Recipe for Large Breed Puppies

 

 

3. Wellness – Large Breed Complete Health- Puppy

 

 

4. Nature’s Variety- Instinct Raw Boost- Grain-Free Kibble- Large Breed Puppy Food – Chicken

 

How Much Should a German Shepherd Puppy Eat?

German Shepherd life span

So, you’ve just brought your adorable ball of fur home and now are not quite sure how often to feed him. Learning about and setting up a proper routine for your pup’s feeding schedule is quite a significant task for both his or her health and training your puppy to learn where and when to expect meal times.

Initially, when your puppy is four to six weeks old, you can start introducing some wet food along with his mother’s milk. Make the transition slow and steady. Start with small amounts three to four times per day and continue over a two week period. After that point, your puppy can safely eat wet food alone. When he or she reaches eight weeks, you can start transitioning to dry food. During the transition, be sure to add only ten percent of dry kibble each day, to the existing wet food diet to give your dog’s digestive system time to properly adapt to the change.

Number of Meals

Puppies usually require three or maybe more meals per day. So, following the chart on your bag of puppy food, simply divide the daily feeding amount by three (or more), feeding it to him or her throughout each day. An example of a puppy’s common daily feeding schedule would be 7 am, then noon, and then 5 pm.

In the event that you decide to feed your puppy more than three times a day, then you can adjust the feeding schedule as it becomes necessary. However, one important thing that you should keep in mind is to schedule the last feeding of the day somewhere around close to 5 PM. That way, you’re giving him plenty of time to digest the food and to go potty for the last time that day before he or she goes to sleep. As your dog gets a little older, you can start reducing the number of feedings in a day. The majority of adult dogs only have two feedings per day. So, of course, when you read the feeding chart on the dog food bag, you’ll be dividing the daily food requirements by two.

Puppy Feeding Chart

The majority of puppy food bags will have had a feeding chart on the label. It’ll probably look much like the chart below. Checking the label is important because it will help you with your job of knowing how much you should be feeding him daily. In most cases, the stated amounts should be fed to your puppy during a 24-hour-period (unless otherwise stated).

 

Weight of Dog

 

Amount of Food Per Day

 

5 pounds

 

1/2 cup to 5/8 cup

 

10 pounds

 

3/4 cup to 1 cup

 

20 pounds

 

1 1/4 cups to 1 3/4 cups

 

40 pounds

 

2 1/4 cups to 3 cups

 

60 pounds

 

3 cups to 4 cups

 

80 pounds

 

3 2/3 cups to 5 cups

 

100 pounds

 

4 1/4 cups to 6 cups

 

 

 

Best German Shepherd Dog Food Recommendations

Here are the basic stages of a GSD’s development:

  • Neonatal Stage: Birth to three weeks
  • Socialization Stage: 3 to 12 weeks
  • Juvenile Stage: Three to six months
  • Sexual Maturity Stage: 6 to 16 months
  • Transition to Adult Stage: 16 to 36 months

According to the stages listed above, a German Shepherd can be considered an adult by its 36th month. By this time, you should have switched his or her food completely to adult dog food.

For some of the best dog food brands check out our article “Best Dog Food Brands”. These are the top brands of dog foods which will provide your dog with food that is very high in protein and contains limited ingredients. The carb content in these foods is high in nutrient content.

Adult German Shepherd Feeding Chart

Weight of Dog

 

Amount of Food Per Day

 

5 pounds

 

1/2 cup to 5/8 cup

 

10 pounds

 

3/4 cup to 1 cup

 

20 pounds

 

1 1/4 cups to 1 3/4 cups

 

40 pounds

 

2 1/4 cups to 3 cups

 

60 pounds

 

3 cups to 4 cups

 

80 pounds

 

3 2/3 cups to 5 cups

 

100 pounds

 

4 1/4 cups to 6 cups