The Croatian Sheepdog Dog Breed

Croatian Sheepdog in Grass

Croation Locals know the Croatian Sheepdog as the Hrvatski Ovcar. This breed is an old dog breed which dates back to the 14th century. This is a medium size breed and weighs over 36 pounds when fully mature. In addition, this is an active and very energetic breed and naturally very playful with their owners and their family. People generally consider this to be a healthy breed but it is not fully immune to being sick and still needs regular check-ups to maintain optimum health.

The Croatian Sheepdog History

Historical information about the breed dates it as far back as the 14th century in Croatia. their is very little genealogical information regarding where this breed came from and most information are just speculation or unproven theories. Just like most sheepdogs and herder breeds, the Croatian Sheepdog is a working dog that was specifically bred to help farmers tend to their livestock.

Where did the Croatian Sheepdog Come From?

The origin of this breed prior to its appearance in Croatia around the 14th century is in-concise as no exact historical background has been sufficiently verified as to the true origin of the breed.

While information of the breed is very limited, literature written around the early 1370 according to a bishop who said to have owned a Croatian Sheepdog stated in his manuscript that the breed did not change from 1374-1719.

Only locals knew this breed until 1935. Professor Romic started a breeding program and started working towards having the breed be recognized by the FCI which would allow the breed to be bred around the world. Because of this breeders give him the title as the “father of the Croatian Sheepdog” for his work in bringing the breed to the attention of breeders around the world. The breed was recognized by the Yugoslav Kennel Club in 1968 and was recognized by the FCI after 34 later in 1969

What Were They Bred For?

The Croatian Sheepdog is a talented and versatile breed specialized in herding. And this type of pet is a working dog that helps to flock their owner’s livestock.

Are They a Pure Breed?


Croatian Sheepdogs at a Glance

Good For Families
Tolerates Other Pets
Prey Drive
Health Score
Energy Level
Space Needs
Good for New Owners

Physical Traits

Croatian Sheepdog in Grass Sitting

This spitz-like dog, is a medium-sized with curly or black fur. Regarding its color, it is always black and sometimes has small patches of white in its toes or chest.

Breed Standard

Croatian Sheepdog Size

16-20 inches

Height measurements are always from the ground to the highest point of a dog’s shoulder blades. The highest point on a dogs shoulder-blades are known as the withers.


29-44 pounds


This breed is very easy to care for. There coat takes the occassional brushing. Only give them a bath when needed. Make sure to check their nails and cut as needed. Check their ears as well but in general they have very little issues.

Do They Drool?


Best Climate for the Croatian Sheepdog

This breed of dogs are good with cold weather but can tolerate warm weather as well.


Croatian Sheepdog Standing

Although Croatian Sheepdog is commonly a herding or working breed, they can be a dedicated and loyal one man dog. Things to consider having this breed is giving them much of attention. Failure to do so will lead to destructive behaviors. On the other hand, this breed is a way of a watchdog! Given that he is an alert and agile breed, he can easily suspect and sense danger.

How Easy are They to Train?

Dog lovers know this breed to be intelligent and energetic. He easily learn and obey what his instructor coaches.

Do They Tolerate Other Pets?

Croatian Sheepdogs are kind of loner towards other pets. As a herding dog their instincts may sometimes takes effect. If trained early in socialization it would be no problem. dogs in general may or may not be friendly towards other pets depending on its environment and owners too! Croatian Sheepdog are lovely souls and can be very playful and friendly.

Are They Good for Families?

Croatian Sheepdog is a great family pet! This breed is good and suitable for kids. Owners know these dogs for being playful, energetic, most especially an affectionate creature towards its family members.

Do They Have a Strong Prey Drive?

They have an average prey drive depending on how they were trained.

Are They Social With Other People?

6 – Average. Croatian Sheepdog needs early socialization. their could be tendencies that they could be skeptical. On the other hand, this breed loves to be around other people.

Is The Croatian Sheepdog Good for New Owners?

Owners know the Croatian Sheepdog for it’s stubborn personality. This is the primary reason as to why it is not advised for un-experienced and novice owners.


Croatian Sheepdog Puppy

As an ancient breed, they are well known to be generally healthy. In fact, their are no breed-specific genetic issues documented. However, this breed is not completely immune and encounters health problems. Regular vet check-ups are still needed. Common problems are patella luxation, whelping difficulties, retained testicles and bloating.

The Croatian Sheepdog Lifespan

13-14 years

Health Issues

Mostly, this dog commonly experiences health problems such as injuries particularly, musculoskeletal related.


Since the type of breed is very energetic and active, this breed needs appropriate vigorous and daily exercises.

Croatian Sheepdog Rescues

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